So, Monday the floor installers were here to put in new hardwoods due to our “little flood.” Two men showed up around 9:30 am. Very friendly and professional. Mom and I had spent the previous week boxing and/or bagging what we could to help. We emptied out China closets and hutches, gave away a ton of items to Salvation Army, and moved what we could. I was already in 9+ pain from the additional exertion. My back was in spasms, my hip was on fire, and my poor head was begging me for some relief. I took my usual meds and threw in some Advil for an additional boost. I was welcoming, good-natured, and smiling at the workmen. Then, it began. Hammering, sawing, nail guns, compressors, doors slamming, loud voices, etc. Even my noise-cancelling headphones didn’t help. These nice people, who were only doing their job were on my shit list. They invaded my safe place, my bubble, my sanctuary. I had no where to go. I had to wait it out. 3 days. Seems like nothing. It was hell on earth for me. I took extra pain meds. I tried relaxation techniques. The noise was piercing my brain. Finally, I cried. It hurt so badly. Daytime nightmare. I know it sounds like I’m exaggerating, but I’m not. If you are a fellow migraine sufferer, you understand how noise, light, smells are amplified 1000%. They were finally done and everything looks beautiful. But as they packed up for the last time, I admit I was beyond thrilled to get back to my reality. Where I’m in control of my surroundings. I let out a huge sigh of relief. Until Mom said, “What do you think about redoing the kitchen?” Arrrggghhhh! Carrying on. Always keep fighting!
So, I seem to be discovering new symptoms almost daily. WTH?! The bottoms of my feet hurt and are cracked. My ankles hurt. My legs are weak and I feel like they may not hold me up. My elbows are painful to certain motions. My fingers feel tight and swollen (don’t look it) and hurt like hell. My vision is blurred and I have to strain to see. (This may be a med side effect.) My night vision is even worse that it used to be. I’m sure there are others, but it’s 3 am and I’m not at full capacity. Although I never am anymore. What is happening to me?! Why is this happening to me?! What can I do to make it stop?! Trying my damnedest to carry on and keep fighting!
Depressed, distraught, down, distressed, damaged, decayed, disease, dismal, dreadful, dreary, denial, doubt, deceptive, drawn, demons, deal, dead, done
I always loved the sunshine. I adored the beach on a sunny day. I’d sit on the patio and stare up at the sky. My body seemed to crave the sunlight. It made me strong and positive. I left the lights in the house on. I felt safer in the light. I noticed I’d get depressed if I didn’t have enough light. I was more prone to bouts of sadness in the winter. Rainy days were days for me to reflect, think too much, and cry. It’s funny what a difference almost five years of chronic migraine and Fibromyalgia can make. Not funny like ha ha. Ironic funny.
Now, I find comfort in the dark. I never used to. I feel safe here. I’m awake for most of the night. I record my thoughts. I read stories when the migraines allow. I just sit in the dark, curled up in my favorite chair. Usually with a lapful of purring tuxedo cat. Samantha lulls me into a comfortable state of mind. I don’t cry much at night. I’m almost content. The pain fades into the background. Maybe knowing I don’t have to do anything or go anywhere. There’s no stress. I can almost pretend that my life is normal.
Then morning comes. I’m rudely shaken from my safe place. It gets lighter outside. The birds and squirrels grab Sam’s attention. She’s off to the window. I think about what I need to get done. I wonder if I’ll get to do any of it. The pain comes back to the forefront. I’m stripped of my security bubble. I have to try to function. Act like a “normal” person. Deal with reality. Be responsible. In the light of day, it’s hard to hide. I don’t want to be seen. I’m not who I was before. It’s not as obvious at night. I can pretend things are okay.
I’ll struggle through this day because I have to. I’ll do what I can and try not to feel guilty about what I can’t. I’ll smile and, if asked, say I’m doing pretty well. The entire time just waiting for nighttime to return. To get back inside my cloak of darkness. My safe place. My world.
So I’ve been sitting here, alone, in the dark, just me and my thoughts. Never a good combination. I’ve been awake for hours. Got a few hours of tossing and turning in. Trying to get comfortable. Not able to find a good position. So much worse since I fell last week. Everything is bruised and/or scraped. I can’t tell which pains are from the fall and which are from the usual suspects (Fibro, migraine). It’s a strange feeling knowing that when most people injure themselves, once they heal the pain is gone. My bruises will fade. My cuts will heal. But my pain will remain. Not even a short respite. Doesn’t seem fair. But who said life was fair?! Like I said, me, alone with my thoughts, 2 iffy hours of sleep, not a good combo. Oh well, carry on fellow pain warriors. Do what you can and don’t push too hard. Better days ahead. I hope.
Via Reuters Health
High-frequency migraine headaches, which occur at least 10 days a month, are more common in women during thetransition to menopause, according to a new study.
“For years women have been telling me as a headache doctor that their headaches worsen in perimenopause,” but it hadn’t been directly studied, said lead author Dr. Vincent T. Martin of the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and co-director of the Headache and Facial Pain Program at the UC Neuroscience Institute.
Symptoms like hot flashes, irritability,insomnia and depression may start during the hormonal changes of perimenopause, when periods become irregular, but menopause does not officially begin until periods have stopped for one year.
“Since the average age of menopause is 51 to 52, and the average transition is five to 10 years, women may see a worsening of their migraines as early as 42 to 47 years old if they are going to have an average-age menopause,” said North American Menopause Society executive director Dr. JoAnn V. Pinkerton. “The variability for normal menopause is 45 to 55, so women could see an intensification before or after that time.”
Changes in brain chemicals may cause blood vessels to swell or dilate, putting pressure on nearby nerves and structures and causing a migraine, Pinkerton told Reuters Health by email.
“Hormonal fluctuations appear to act astriggers for migraines, although the actual mechanism is not known,” said Pinkerton, who was not part of the new study.
Attributing article from @MigraineAgain:http://migraineagain.com/now-this-perimenopause-may-make-migraines-worse/
In March 2014, Zohydro ER (hydrocodone extended-release) was introduced to the market. Never in my medical lifetime do I recall a medication stirring such angst. Worries of mass overdoses, backdoor FDA conspiracies, and blatant disregard for the public well-being abound. Is there method to this madness?
Zohydro ER is a pain pill that, when taken by mouth, is released slowly over twelve hours. The active ingredient, hydrocodone, is an opioid (i.e. narcotic) that’s been around for decades in a short-acting pill form (e.g. Lortab, Vicodin, Norco) and has historically been combined with APAP (a.k.a. acetaminophen, Tylenol). The FDA considers hydrocodone-APAP combination pills to be relatively less addictive and designates them as a schedule 3 drug. Physicians can prescribe schedule 3 drugs over the phone, with up to six refills. By contrast, schedule 2 drugs (e.g. morphine, oxycodone, oxymorphone), even when combined with APAP, are considered more addictive, can’t be called in, and can’t be refilled without a new hard copy prescription.
Because it is effective for pain, relatively well tolerated, and convenient to prescribe, hydrocodone-APAP pills have become the most commonly prescribed opioid in the United States. It’s therefore not surprising that, since there’s so much in circulation, hydrocodone-APAP pills are frequently the most available opioid for abusers to abuse. Add to this the legitimate worry about acetaminophen (APAP) overuse causing liver failure, and you can understand our leaders’ concerns surrounding this pain medication.
Enter Zohydro ER, the first extended-release hydrocodone pill without APAP. It’s easy on the liver and lasts twelve hours; so people with around-the-clock pain may need fewer pills per day. Additionally, it’s a schedule 2 drug. In summary, Zohydro ER is a long-lasting version of a widely used and effective opioid, which until now had only been available in combination with acetaminophen. So why the controversy?
Zohydro ER does not have any of the new and popular tamper-resistant technologies; e.g. a matrix that won’t dissolve easily, or a coating that is difficult to crush. Instead, the makers took advantage of a delivery system (SODAS) already used successfully in a number other of extended-release drugs such as: Ritalin LA, Focalin XR, Luvox CR, and Avinza.
Oxycontin and Opana ER are two examples of opioids that manufacturers took off the market briefly for reformulation as tamper-resistant. However, while the changes have made them more difficult to snort or inject, many addicts still find ways to abuse these drugs or have just moved on to heroin. Tamper-resistant does not mean tamper-proof.
By the way, the generic form of Opana ER (oxymorphone extended-release) was not reformulated and is still available without tamper-resistant technology. Also, consider that Avinza (morphine extended-release), which employs the same sustained-release system (SODAS) as Zohydro ER, has neither been recalled nor been required to undergo reformulation. In reality, probably 90% of the opioids in circulation do not have tamper-resistant formulations.
That’s why I have difficulty understanding the uproar over Zohydro ER. As a pain specialist, I welcome another effective treatment to offer chronic pain sufferers. Sure, I’d be happier if it had a hard coating or some other “deterrent” to abuse. But in reality, Zohydro ER is, for all practical purposes, neither safer nor more dangerous than many of the drugs I already prescribe with success. So far, tamper-resistant innovations have not been proven to be effective in the big scheme of things. All opioids, regardless of the formulation, must be prescribed with caution and careful monitoring.
According to the American Society of Addiction Medicine, there are four main factors that contribute to a drug being addictive:
How much will it cost me? All things considered equal, people will choose a drug that is cheaper.
How fast does it get to my brain? Hydrocodone is water-soluble and actually diffuses into the brain slower than many other opioids.
What kind of a buzz will I get? Opioids stimulate the brain’s “reward circuit.” There is no proof that hydrocodone is any worse in this regard than other opioids.
How much of it can I get my hands on? People will abuse what is available to them. Since hydrocodone is the most prescribed opioid, expect it to be one of the most abused. It follows that if Zohydro ER floods the market it will be abused.
Therefore, my recommendations to physicians are:
Prescribe Zohydro ER in the lowest dose possible, for the shortest duration of time, and only if the benefits outweigh the risks.
Monitor regularly for effectiveness, side effects, and patient compliance.
Educate yourself and your patient.
Follow guidelines and regulations faithfully.
By the way, that’s my advice to physicians regardless of which opioid they prescribe.
Zohydro ER may not be tamper-resistant, but tamper-resistant drugs are not super heroes. Do not expect them to save us from the real villain.
The real villain is not the FDA, not the drug company, not the drug, and not the patient.
The villain is the disease of addiction.
Focus on the disease. Prevent the disease. Treat the disease.
This Zohydro hullabaloo is a prime opportunity to shine light on the problems surrounding prescription drug abuse and addiction. Let’s take advantage of it.
And stop the madness.
James Patrick Murphy is a physician who blogs at The Painful Truth. He can be reached on Twitter @jamespmurphymd.
Note from Blogger. As a Chronic migraineur, chronic pain, and Fibromyalgia sufferer, I find this article just another slap in the face to all chronic pain warriors. The majority of us didn’t try opioids until all other options were exhausted. I, myself, fought the idea of pain management for several years due to the stigma. (Low income, drug abusers, criminals, etc.) I tried acupuncture, yoga, acupressure, biofeedback, supplements, minerals, vitamins, and many OTC pain relievers. When those didn’t alleviate my symptoms, I went on to the mildest drugs I could be prescribed. Then I took half the recommended dose. I’ve never been a fan of any type of drugs, legal or not, and I avoiding them at all costs. Until I needed them to get through my day. After trying Botox, beta blockers, antihistamines, preventives, and too many others to list, my headache specialist referred me to pain management. I had no choice. I couldn’t work, was fighting for SSI and SSDI Benefits, and was broke. My first visit, I explained to the doctor that I don’t like the way drugs make me feel. I was afraid of losing control. He prescribed Vicodin (lowest dose) and we went from there. I need these drugs to get through my life right now. When I receive some money from Disability, there are several treatment options I can try that don’t involve drugs. I may always need some help from narcotics and I pray that they’ll be available and not kept from me because I may abuse them. When your life is put on hold due to chronic pain, you change your perception on many things. Pain relief is number one. Carry on and Always Keep Fighting! Stay strong, Judi
A Placebo Treatment for Pain By New York Times
THE crisis of painkiller addiction is becoming increasingly personal: Sixteen percent of Americans know someone who has died from a prescription painkiller overdose, according to a recent Kaiser Family Foundation survey; 9 percent have seen a family member or close friend die.
Addictive opioid painkillers were once reserved for extreme situations like terminal cancer. But opioids like Vicodin and OxyContin are now widely prescribed for common conditions like arthritis and lower back pain. The consequences have been catastrophic: In 2013, prescription painkillers caused nearly 7,000 emergency room visits and 44 deaths every day.
How do we tackle this crisis? We often hear about efforts to clamp down on abuse, for example by regulating pain clinics and monitoring prescription patterns. But these won’t dent the demand for opioids unless we can find better ways to treat the hundred million Americans said to suffer from chronic pain. Simply switching to other drugs isn’t the answer. Few new painkillers are being approved, and existing ones, like Motrin and Tylenol, come with their own risks when used long-term, and some appear to be less effective than we once thought.
Help might instead come from an unexpected corner: the placebo effect.
This phenomenon — in which someone feels better after receiving fake treatment — was once dismissed as an illusion. People who are ill often improve regardless of the treatment they receive. But neuroscientists are discovering that in some conditions, including pain, placebos create biological effects similar to those caused by drugs.
Taking a placebo painkiller dampens activity in pain-related areas of the brain and spinal cord, and triggers the release of endorphins, the natural pain-relieving chemicals that opioid drugs are designed to mimic. Even when we take a real painkiller, a big chunk of its effect is delivered not by any direct chemical action, but by our expectation that the drug will work. Studies show that widely used painkillers like morphine, buprenorphine and tramadol are markedly less effective if we don’t know we’re taking them.
Placebo effects in pain are so large, in fact, that drug manufacturers are finding it hard to beat them. Finding ways to minimize placebo effects in trials, for example by screening out those who are most susceptible, is now a big focus for research. But what if instead we seek to harness these effects? Placebos might ruin drug trials, but they also show us a new approach to treating pain.
It is unethical to deceive patients by prescribing fake treatments, of course. But there is evidence that people with some conditions benefit even if they know they are taking placebos. In a 2014 study that followed 459 migraine attacks in 66 patients, honestly labeled placebos provided significantly more pain relief than no treatment, and were nearly half as effective as the painkiller Maxalt. (The study also found that a placebo labeled “placebo” was 60 percent as effective as Maxalt if it was labeled “placebo.” If the placebo was labeled “Maxalt,” it was again 60 percent as effective as the real drug under its real label.)
With placebo responses in pain so high — and the risks of drugs so severe — why not prescribe a course of “honest” placebos for those who wish to try it, before proceeding, if necessary, to an active drug?
Another option is to employ alternative therapies, which through placebo responses can benefit patients even when there is no physical mode of action. A series of large trials in Germany published between 2005 and 2009 compared real and sham acupuncture (in which needles are placed at nonacupuncture points) with either no treatment or routine clinical care, for chronic pain conditions including migraine, tension headaches, lower back pain and osteoarthritis. Patients who received the acupuncture, real or sham, reported a similar amount of pain relief — and more than those who received no treatment or routine care that included pain medication.
Rather than relying on dummy pills and treatments, however, a broader hope is that teasing out why and when placebos work — and for whom — will help to maximize the effectiveness of drugs, and in some cases allow us to do without them.
The available funding for such research is minuscule compared with the efforts poured into developing new drugs. But a key ingredient is expectation: The greater our belief that a treatment will work, the better we’ll respond.
Individual attitudes and experiences are important, as are cultural factors. Placebo effects are getting stronger in the United States, for example, though not elsewhere. Researchers reported last year that in trials published in 1996, drugs for chronic pain produced on average 27 percent more pain relief than placebos. By 2013, that advantage had slipped to just 9 percent. Likely explanations include a growing cultural belief in the effectiveness of painkillers — a result of direct-to-consumer advertising (illegal in most other countries) and perhaps the fact that so many Americans have taken these drugs in the past.
These findings have implications for deciding which patients are likely to benefit from drugs — someone who has strong faith in painkillers’ effectiveness is more likely to benefit than someone who is suspicious of conventional medicine — as well as how physicians explain the benefits and side effects of treatments they prescribe. Trials show, for example, that strengthening patients’ positive expectations and reducing their anxiety during a variety of procedures, including minimally invasive surgery, while still being honest, can reduce the dose of painkillers required and cut complications.
Placebo studies also reveal the value of social interaction as a treatment for pain. Harvard researchers studied patients in pain from irritable bowel syndrome and found that 44 percent of those given sham acupuncture had adequate relief from their symptoms. If the person who performed the acupuncture was extra supportive and empathetic, however, that figure jumped to 62 percent.
Placebos tell us that pain is a complex mix of biological, psychological and social factors. We need to develop better drugs to treat it, but let’s also take more seriously the idea of relieving pain without them. With dozens of Americans dying every day from prescription painkillers, we need all the help we can get.
So, I saw my pain management doctor last week. He upped the dosage on my pain med and prescribed a new med for inflammation and spasms. I read the info packet on the new med. (WHY?!) I’ll never take it now. Spontaneous heart failure, with no prior history. Could be fatal. I love the part that says “your doctor prescribed this medication because he/she feels that the benefits outweigh the risks.” The risk being death?! No thank you! My chronic daily migraine and Fibro pain make me feel like I’m dying sometimes, but I know I’m not really. And I’d like to keep it that way. I’ll ask for something less likely to kill me next time.
Anyway, yesterday I fell. I was already dizzy from the increase in dosage of my pain meds. I tripped over some books on the floor and where I used to be able to catch myself, not this time. I went down hard on my knee, elbow, shoulder, palms, and bashed my head on my cat’s plastic crate. I got up bloody, with a goose egg immediately forming on my forehead. My knee and shoulder hurt the worst, after my head. (Nothing better for a chronic migraineur than a head injury on top of it!) 😕 I didn’t have concussion symptoms so I laid down and hoped I’d feel better when I woke. WRONG!!! Everything hurt. I have cuts, bruises, bumps, broken blood vessels in my eye, and the beginnings of a nice shiner. I know nothing is broken, but I’m debating going to the doctor to get checked out. It sounds awful, but as my invisible illness warriors will understand, just having a medical professional see obvious marks on me gives me validation. I’ll keep everyone posted. Carry on and Always Keep Fighting! 💜